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The ‘Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)

The zone of proximal development (sometimes abbreviated ZPD), is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help.

It is a concept developed by Soviet psychologist and social constructivist Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934). Vygotsky stated that a child  Zone of Proximal Development follows an adult’s example and gradually develops the ability to do certain tasks without help or assistance.

Vygotsky among other educational professionals believes the role of education to be to provide children with experiences which are in their ZPD, thereby encouraging and advancing their individual learning.

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